Interview about IVI activities
Interview with WG105 Mr. Yoshihiko Watanabe (Yazaki Parts), facilitator of “Facilities Lifecycle Management”.
New year greeting
Happy new year. 2016 is the first year of the “ connected factory ” . When IVI started in June last year , Germany’s Industry 4.0 and IIC centered on the US were taken up everywhere and became a big topic. This trend is likely to continue this year, but the big difference from last year is that we have seen what to do. I think you have also understood what should be changed and what should not be changed.
First of all, boldly steer openness in the era when the business itself will not be possible if it is not connected. At that time, in order to protect and nurture your company’s strengths, hide what you need to hide. And to promote the ” relaxed standards ” that are essential for designing the boundaries without thinking . Sites that have been strong so far will further promote the utilization of data obtained by IoT , and sites that think will be able to grow autonomously and simultaneously while aiming for overall optimization. Why not aim for the strongest manufacturing at IVI !
Yasuyuki Nishioka (President of IVI )
In parallel with this trend, I would like to propose two approaches in Japan. First, a business that enables small and medium-sized manufacturing companies and venture companies that are the leaders of innovation to establish equal trading with major companies using a connection system, and to connect directly with overseas companies and consumers overseas. It is to improve the infrastructure. In business development across countries, SMEs have not been on the stage due to risk and cost issues, but IoT should be able to eliminate such restrictions all at once.
Second, in order to revitalize local economies, local development of manufacturing bases including design is planned. In the IoT era, related designers, designers, and production engineers are connected to the world beyond time and place. By combining these trends with attractive city planning, intellectual workers feel attached to the community and encourage them to move there from the viewpoint of work-life balance. By collaborating with advanced research institutes such as universities and forming a single industry cluster, a unique era of locality should arrive.
Source: Yasuyuki Nishioka, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun July 10, 2015 (morning edition) “economy class”
However, there are many issues at the moment. The first is the issue of standardization. In order to connect “things and things” and “things and things”, common rules and decisions beyond companies are required, and standardization of each is required. Many Japanese manufacturing industries were largely closed to standardization and connection mechanisms because of the fear of loss of competitiveness due to the outflow of vast technologies and know-how accumulated so far. Many security issues remain unresolved. In the course of global transformation toward the IoT era, there has been a movement in Japan to build a mechanism for manufacturing to be linked to each other even across companies, in a form where industry and academia cooperate. This is the “Industrial Value Chain Initiative ( IVI )” launched in June .
Redefine the boundaries of competitive and collaborative areas beyond the boundaries of companies under the concept of “loose standards”. In the collaboration area, open boldly and build a reference model for mutual cooperation. Toyota, Nissan, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, IHI , Panasonic, Hitachi, Mitsubishi Electric, Fujitsu, NEC, etc. will create a factory structure that is connected to Japan and call on participation overseas.
In Japanese-style manufacturing culture, there is a part where “Koto” of creating things is not just a service, but as a place for ingenuity or as a place for self-study. Manufacturing in the sense of drawing out individual abilities and providing a place for growth is probably an idea not found in the West. I hope that such human-centered manufacturing will be inherited in the IoT era and will be deployed globally.
IoT is translated as the Internet of “things”, more precisely, ” Things is the Internet”, or “thing”. Everything around you is converted into data as needed and tagged with globally identifiable tags that connect to each other across time and place. “Koto”, which had been valuable but could not be economically traded, will emerge one after another as the target of business models. There is no doubt that this will be a revolutionary trend.
The German government is trying to lead a new industrial revolution with a strategy that puts manufacturing at the core of industrial competitiveness. Germany, whose industrial structure is relatively close to Japan, discussed what the manufacturing industry should be and took action. It should be noted that Germany is not trying to sell things as before, but is trying to sell a production system, that is, a production system, as a power to earn. Production equipment, which is a thing, ends when it is sold, but if you sell software and operation management know-how as a production system as a set, you can earn revenue as a service as long as the factory continues manufacturing.
The trend toward new services through the integration of manufacturing and information and communication technology ( ICT ) further accelerated in 2014 . In the US , the Industrial Internet Consortium ( IIC ) was launched by five major companies such as General Electric ( GE ) . Since Edison 100 with more than years of history GE further 100 eye to the future after years, were boldly steered toward the service industry.
This trend in Germany and the US differs from the service industry so far in terms of services based on the “things” of products. By making the product functions essential as a component of the service into a black box, it will be possible to raise barriers to entry and dramatically increase productivity using the IoT platform.
IoT refers to the state in which everything around us is connected to the Internet. There are virtually infinite addresses to identify things on the net, and with the advancement of digital technology and lower device prices, we are ready to move on. By integrating the digital world that spreads on the Internet and the real world where people live, a world that has never been imagined will come. “Industry 4.0 ” promoted by the German government as a national policy has attracted a lot of attention due to the exciting naming of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. However, even though it can be understood that automation and network technology can make more diverse productions more efficient than it is now, it is only a step-by-step comparison with the present. Is it really revolutionary?
The keyword to avoid mistaken essence is “service”. Here, “Koto” that can be economically traded is called a service. Japan’s gross domestic product ( GDP ) of 7 service industry, which accounts for percent is, literally dealing with this service. In recent years, the manufacturing industry is said to have become a service industry, and the manufacturing industry that sold “things” has started selling “Koto”. The background is that the expansion of physical goods transactions alone can no longer support corporate growth.
In general, service productivity is relatively low because of its simultaneity and inseparability. In other words, the person who provides the service and the person who receives the service need to be in the same place at the same time in principle. The service could not be mass-produced, stocked, and transported to the required location when needed. The world that IoT brings is amazing because it has the potential to break the basic constraints of such services all at once.
Provisional logo has been decided.
This paper, Nihon Keizai Shimbun (July 10, 2015) was shown again what is published in the “economy class” in the morning newspaper to the original.
As the government’s “Japan Revitalization Strategy” Revision 2015 points out, it is urgently necessary to dramatically improve productivity in order for Japan, with its declining birthrate and aging population, to develop further in the future. IoT (Internet of Things) is the keyword for Japan, a major manufacturing country, to strengthen its earning power in a global society and at the same time create innovation (technological innovation) and create a vibrant society .
This paper presents the revolutionary impact that IoT can bring and the scenarios that Japan should face.
Commentary “ IOT potential and challenges ” has been uploaded.