• Commentary "Possibility and challenges of IOT"

    Commentary “ Possibility and Challenges of IoT ” 3 (First published in Japanese in July, 2015)

      IoT is translated as the Internet of “things”, more precisely, ” Things is the Internet”, or “thing”. Everything around you is converted into data as needed and tagged with globally identifiable tags that connect to each other across time and place. “Koto”, which had been valuable but could not be economically traded, will emerge one after another as the target of business models. There is no doubt that this will be a revolutionary trend.

      The German government is trying to lead a new industrial revolution with a strategy that puts manufacturing at the core of industrial competitiveness. Germany, whose industrial structure is relatively close to Japan, discussed what the manufacturing industry should be and took action. It should be noted that Germany is not trying to sell things as before, but is trying to sell a production system, that is, a production system, as a power to earn. Production equipment, which is a thing, ends when it is sold, but if you sell software and operation management know-how as a production system as a set, you can earn revenue as a service as long as the factory continues manufacturing.

      The trend toward new services through the integration of manufacturing and information and communication technology ( ICT ) further accelerated in 2014 . In the US , the Industrial Internet Consortium ( IIC ) was launched by five major companies such as General Electric ( GE ) . Since Edison 100 with more than years of history GE further 100 eye to the future after years, were boldly steered toward the service industry.

      This trend in Germany and the US differs from the service industry so far in terms of services based on the “things” of products. By making the product functions essential as a component of the service into a black box, it will be possible to raise barriers to entry and dramatically increase productivity using the IoT platform.

  • Commentary "Possibility and challenges of IOT"

    Commentary “ Possibility and challenges of IoT ” 2 (First published in Japanese in July, 2015)

      IoT refers to the state in which everything around us is connected to the Internet. There are virtually infinite addresses to identify things on the net, and with the advancement of digital technology and lower device prices, we are ready to move on. By integrating the digital world that spreads on the Internet and the real world where people live, a world that has never been imagined will come. “Industry 4.0 ” promoted by the German government as a national policy has attracted a lot of attention due to the exciting naming of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. However, even though it can be understood that automation and network technology can make more diverse productions more efficient than it is now, it is only a step-by-step comparison with the present. Is it really revolutionary?

      The keyword to avoid mistaken essence is “service”. Here, “Koto” that can be economically traded is called a service. Japan’s gross domestic product ( GDP ) of 7 service industry, which accounts for percent is, literally dealing with this service. In recent years, the manufacturing industry is said to have become a service industry, and the manufacturing industry that sold “things” has started selling “Koto”. The background is that the expansion of physical goods transactions alone can no longer support corporate growth.

      In general, service productivity is relatively low because of its simultaneity and inseparability. In other words, the person who provides the service and the person who receives the service need to be in the same place at the same time in principle. The service could not be mass-produced, stocked, and transported to the required location when needed. The world that IoT brings is amazing because it has the potential to break the basic constraints of such services all at once.

  • Commentary "Possibility and challenges of IOT"

    Commentary “ Possibility and challenges of IoT ” (First published in Japanese in July, 2015)

      This paper, Nihon Keizai Shimbun (July 10, 2015)  was shown again what is published in the “economy class” in the morning newspaper to the original.

      As the government’s “Japan Revitalization Strategy” Revision 2015 points out, it is urgently necessary to dramatically improve productivity in order for Japan, with its declining birthrate and aging population, to develop further in the future. IoT (Internet of Things) is the keyword for Japan, a major manufacturing country, to strengthen its earning power in a global society and at the same time create innovation (technological innovation) and create a vibrant society .

      This paper presents the revolutionary impact that IoT can bring and the scenarios that Japan should face.

  • "Connected factories" interview

    “Connected Factories” interview 1 (First published in Japanese in April, 2015)

      The following interview, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry public relations magazine ” METI Journal ” 2015 years first of May issue Special “Industry 4.0  “in the coverage of the ” factory lead ” need for” and, “introduced in small and medium-sized companies case”. This is a collection of questions and answers about “the direction that Japanese manufacturing should aim for”. 

    (Interviewee: Hosei University School of Design, Department of System Design, Nishioka Atsuyuki)

    [1] In recent years, the keyword “connected factory” has attracted attention. What kind of transition is Japanese manufacturing now facing? And what needs and changes in social structure are behind this?

      Concurrent with the expansion of the market due to the rapid development of emerging countries, the diversification of consumer needs and the uncertainty of technological progress have become increasingly prominent. As a result, not only small and medium-sized enterprises, but also major manufacturing industries have entered an age where they cannot survive alone. In addition to the digitization and softwareization of products, the digitization and softwareization of production processes are rapidly progressing. In addition, the border between manufacturing and service is almost gone.

      Under these circumstances, inevitably, together with competitiveness by individual elements of technology, by supply chain and engineering chain and other companies ” will lead the power ” is becoming important. Even if the elemental technology does not change that much, simply changing the connection may result in new and innovative products and services. This trend will become even more dramatic as the design and production processes are digitized and softwareized.

  • "Connected factories" interview

    “Connected Factories” Interview 2 (First published in Japanese in April, 2015)

    [2]What kind of merits can be expected and innovation in production sites by promoting IoT and realizing a “connected factory”? What are the major differences when compared to conventional “Japanese manufacturing”?

      The goal of “connected factories” is not only the connection between factories, but also the production lines and the technicians who have skills on-site, and the various management tasks, technologies, and ideas. It is a figure connected beyond the constraints of the target or place. In addition, the “connected factory” connects the final consumer who uses the parts and products made in the factory with the production site, connecting the feelings of the creator and the user.

      In order to realize such a “connected factory”, it is important to actively incorporate new technologies such as IoT . However, as a prerequisite, it is essential to open the production process and open the factory. By opening the chest collar and touching the other party, you can build a new relationship of trust. For example, the top-to-bottom competition for small and medium-sized manufacturers has been very exciting in recent years. Under the same rules, each town factory will challenge cutting, surface treatment, and material improvement. Opening the process creates good competition, advances technology, and stimulates demand for it.

      In Industry 4.0, it is true that production line automation and machine intelligence are often taken up symbolically, but automation and intelligence are merely human replacements. From the standpoint of managing a factory, the resulting high costs will limit the areas where it can survive. Perhaps the essence of Industry 4.0 is that the role of data will revolutionize in the coordination of autonomous work including people in the manufacturing organization, and the effective generation and utilization of manufacturing knowledge and wisdom. I am thinking.

      In other words, as manufacturing becomes more and more complex in the future, data has been a supporting factor for decision making, but it is no longer possible to make decisions without data. For example, a high school student who always carries a smartphone should think that the same thing is happening in the world of manufacturing, as it is no longer possible to make friends without a smartphone.

      However, there is no need to change Japanese manufacturing, and there is no reason to change it. However, many responsible people realize and respond as quickly as possible when the data they need is not available when they need it, that is, companies and sites that are well connected are likely to struggle. It seems necessary to keep.

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